Post-immunisation fever and the antibody response to measles-containing vaccines.

Thursday, 14th of June 2018 Print

Epidemiol Infect. 2018 Jun 11:1-9. doi: 10.1017/S0950268818001474. [Epub ahead of print]

Post-immunisation fever and the antibody response to measles-containing vaccines.

Carazo Perez S1 Bureau A1 De Serres G1.

 

Abstract

Fever is a common adverse event following measles vaccination more frequent among older children and those receiving Measles-Mumps-Rubella-Varicella vaccine vs. Measles-Mumps-Rubella vaccine two factors associated with a better antibody response. However the role of fever in the immunogenicity of measles-containing vaccines (MCV) is unclear. We performed a post-hoc pooled analysis of data of 5 216 11 to 22 month-old children receiving MCV from 2004 to 2012 in Europe and USA to evaluate the association between post-immunisation fever and antibody response measured by geometric mean concentrations (GMCs). We further evaluated fever as an effect modifier or a mediator in the associations between the type of MCV or the age at first vaccination and vaccine immunogenicity. After the first dose fever was associated with 60% higher GMCs (95% CI 1.51-1.68). For children vaccinated at ⩾12 months the fever did not modify and minimally mediated (2% to 3%) the association between age and antibody response. Fever mediated 18% of the association between type of MCV and GMCs. In a model including fever age and type of vaccine fever was the strongest predictor of GMCs. These results suggest that fever is associated with a stronger measles antibody response independently of age and type of MCV.

KEYWORDS:

antibody response; fever; measles vaccine; mediation; safety

PMID: 29886856 DOI: 10.1017/S0950268818001474

 

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