Use of electronic immunization registry in the surveillance of adverse events following immunization.

Thursday, 22nd of March 2018 Print

Rev Saude Publica. 2018 Feb 5;52:4. doi: 10.11606/S1518-8787.2018052000295.

Use of electronic immunization registry in the surveillance of adverse events following immunization.

[Article in English Portuguese]

Sato APS1 Ferreira VLR1 Tauil MC1 Rodrigues LC2 Barros MB1 Martineli E3 Costa ÂA4 Inenami M4 Waldman EA1.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To describe adverse events following vaccination (AEFV) of children under two years old and analyze trend of this events from 2000 to 2013 in the city of Araraquara (SP) Brazil.

METHODS:

This is a descriptive study conducted with data of the passive surveillance system of AEFV that is available in the electronic immunization registry (EIR) of the computerized medical record of the municipal health service (Juarez System). The study variables were: age gender vaccine dose clinical manifestations and hospitalization. We estimated rates using AEFV as numerator and administered doses of vaccines as denominator. The surveillance sensitivity was estimated by applying the method proposed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. We used Prais-Winsten regression with a significance level of 5.0%.

RESULTS:

The average annual rate of AEFV was 11.3/10000 administered doses however without a trend in the study period (p=0.491). Most cases occurred after the first dose (41.7%) and among children under one year of age (72.6%). Vaccines with pertussis component yellow fever and measles-mumps-rubella were the most reactogenic. We highlighted the rates of hypotonic-hyporesponsive episodes and convulsion that were 4.1/10000 and 1.5/10000 doses of vaccines with pertussis component respectively most frequently in the first dose; 600% of cases presented symptoms in the first 24 hours after vaccination however 18.6% showed after 96 hours. The sensitivity of surveillance was 71.9% and 78.9% for hypotonic-hyporesponsive episodes and convulsion respectively.

CONCLUSIONS:

The EIR-based AEFV surveillance system proved to be useful and highly sensitive to describe the safety profile of vaccines in a medium-sized city. It was also shown that the significant increase of the vaccines included in the basic vaccination schedule in childhood in the last decade did not alter the high safety standard of the National Immunization Program.

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