Co-administration of live measles and yellow fever vaccines and inactivated pentavalent vaccines is associated with increased mortality compared with measles and yellow fever vaccines only. An observational study from Guinea-Bissau.

Thursday, 13th of October 2016 Print

Vaccine. 2014 Jan 23;32(5):598-605. doi: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2013.11.074. Epub 2013 Dec 8.

Co-administration of live measles and yellow fever vaccines and inactivated pentavalent vaccines is associated with increased mortality compared with measles and yellow fever vaccines only. An observational study from Guinea-Bissau.

Fisker AB1 Ravn H2 Rodrigues A3 Østergaard MD4 Bale C5 Benn CS6 Aaby P7.

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Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Studies from low-income countries indicate that co-administration of inactivated diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis (DTP) vaccine and live attenuated measles vaccine (MV) is associated with increased mortality compared with receiving MV only. Pentavalent (DTP-H. Influenza type B-Hepatitis B) vaccine is replacing DTP in many low-income countries and yellow fever vaccine (YF) has been introduced to be given together with MV. Pentavalent and YF vaccines were introduced in Guinea-Bissau in 2008. We investigated whether co-administration of pentavalent vaccine with MV and yellow fever vaccine has similar negative effects.

METHODS:

In 2007-2011 we conducted a randomised placebo-controlled trial of vitamin A at routine vaccination contacts among children aged 6-23 months in urban and rural Guinea-Bissau. In the present study we included 2331 children randomised to placebo who received live vaccines only (MV or MV+YF) or a combination of live and inactivated vaccines (MV+DTP or MV+YF+pentavalent). Mortality was compared in Cox proportional hazards models stratified for urban/rural enrolment adjusted for age and unevenly distributed baseline factors.

RESULTS:

While DTP was still used 685 children received MV only and 358 MV+DTP; following the change in programme 940 received MV+YF only and 348 MV+YF+pentavalent. During 6 months of follow-up the adjusted mortality rate ratio (MRR) for co-administered live and inactivated vaccines compared with live vaccines only was 3.24 (1.20-8.73). For MV+YF+pentavalent compared with MV+YF only the adjusted MRR was 7.73 (1.79-33.4).

CONCLUSION:

In line with previous studies of DTP the present results indicate that pentavalent vaccine co-administered with MV and YF is associated with increased mortality.

 

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