Survival Analysis for Predictive Factors of Delay Vaccination in Iranian Children.

Thursday, 22nd of September 2016 Print

Int J Prev Med. 2015 Dec 1;6:119. doi: 10.4103/2008-7802.170868. eCollection 2015.

Survival Analysis for Predictive Factors of Delay Vaccination in Iranian Children.

Mohammadbeigi A1 Mokhtari M2 Zahraei SM3 Eshrati B2 Rejali M4.

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Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Today beside immunization coverage the age appropriate vaccination is another helpful index in public health. Evidences have shown that high immunization coverage rates do not necessarily imply age-appropriate vaccination status. The current study aimed to show the predictive factors of delayed vaccination by survival models.

METHODS:

A historical cohort study conducted on 3610 children aged between 24 and 47 months who was living in the suburbs of five big cities of Iran. Time of delay in vaccination of first dose of mumps-measles-rubella (MMR) was calculated from date of vaccination minus age appropriate time according to vaccine card. Kaplan-Maier and Log rank tests were used for comparison the median of delay time. For controlling of confounding variables multivariate cox model was used and hazard ratio with 95% confidence interval (95%) was reported.

RESULTS:

The mean ± standard deviation and median interquartile range of delay time was 38.34 ± 73.1 and 16 (11-31) days in delayed group. The Log rank test showed that city of living nationality parents education and birth order are related with prolonged delay time in MMR vaccination (P < 0.05). Nevertheless child sex prior living place (rural or city) and parents job are not related with delay time of vaccination (P > 0.05). Cox regression showed that city of living mother education and nationality are the most predictive factors of delay time duration in MMR vaccination.

CONCLUSIONS:

Delay time duration of vaccination increased by faring from capital to the east south. Moreover concentration of foreign immigrants in big cities and low level of mother education are the most predictors of delayed vaccination. Educational intervention should focus on immigrants and mothers with low education level.

 

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