Laboratory diagnosis of vaccine-associated measles in Zhejiang Province, China

Tuesday, 12th of January 2016 Print

J Microbiol Immunol Infect. 2015 Nov 19. pii: S1684-1182(15)00899-3. doi: 10.1016/j.jmii.2015.10.004. [Epub ahead of print]

Laboratory diagnosis of vaccine-associated measles in Zhejiang Province China.

Xu CP1 Li MH1 He HQ1 Lu YY1 Feng Y2.

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Along with the improving vaccine coverage suspected vaccine-associated measles has been reported in Zhejiang Province China. In order to maintain the accuracy of the measles surveillance system it is critical to discriminate between measles vaccine and wild-type virus.


Eight suspected cases of vaccine-associated measles were reported in Zhejiang Province during 2011 and 2014. Sera collected within 4 days and throat swabs collected within 6 days after rash onset were tested with immunoglobulin M and measles virus (MeV) RNA to confirm MeV infection. In order to further identify the vaccine-associated cases throat swabs with positive MeV RNA were tested using an allelic discrimination real-time reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (rRT-PCR) assay developed in this study RT-PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) recommended by the National Measles Laboratory and RT-PCR followed by sequencing and genotyping.


Combining anti-measles immunoglobulin M and RNA testing eight cases were confirmed as MeV infection. Of the eight two were identified as vaccine-associated cases by the allelic discrimination rRT-PCR assay and one was identified by RT-PCR-RFLP. Subsequent sequencing and genotyping confirmed that the sequences of the two cases were identical to that of the Chinese vaccine strain. The developed allelic discrimination rRT-PCR was 10 times more sensitive than the RT-PCR-RFLP assay when RNA standards generated from three genotypes of MeV were tested.


Vaccine-associated measles has been identified in Zhejiang. The developed allelic discrimination rRT-PCR assay is rapid and sensitive which will facilitate the surveillance for vaccine-associated measles.

Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier B.V.


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